By punishing crimes against public health, our criminal law tries to protect the well-being of people, understood in a collective sense.
Precisely for this reason, actions such as the production or manufacture of harmful chemical substances are persecuted. But also transport or distribution.
The crime of drug trafficking
Our Penal Code imposes prison sentences on whoever produces substances that are harmful to health, as well as whoever dispatches, supplies or trades them. Medicines for human or veterinary use and those under investigation without due approval also fall under this heading.
These crimes can be committed both in ordinary traffic and through the Internet or telecommunication means. In this sense, advertising or promotional actions are also condemned. In addition, the commission for imprudence is admitted and provocation, conspiracy and proposition are punished.
Like other crimes, drug trafficking is aggravated when certain circumstances occur. For example, participation in a criminal organization or offering to minors or vulnerable people.
Why have a criminal lawyer specialized in crimes against public health
To defend yourself against a drug trafficking charge, it is necessary to have the support of the best criminal lawyers. In the first place, due to the criminal consequences of the attribution of criminal responsibility.
As we have already indicated, these crimes carry long prison sentences. But, in addition, in order to prevent the alleged criminal from obtaining a profit with his criminal conduct, equipment, materials and effects, as well as means, instruments and profits, can be confiscated.
In other words, the responsibility derived from a crime against public health reaches the assets of the accused. All this regardless of the fines that could be imposed.
Furthermore, organizations and legal persons can be convicted of this crime. Sentences that could range from pecuniary sanctions to intervention or even the extinction of its legal form.
Secondly, we cannot ignore the damage to honor that comes with an accusation of drug trafficking. An issue that will put the defense of the accused's image at stake, which will probably require an additional legal effort on the part of the criminal lawyer.